Cryptocentrus caeruleopunctatus (Rüppell, 1830)

Common names: English: Harlequin prawn-goby
German: Augenfleck-Wächtergrundel

Common synonym
none

Length: 13 cm.

Colouration
Body and head yellow, with 78 broad oblique bands on the body. Two large ocelli on sides of trunk. Many brown ocelli with light margin on head and dorsal fins. Scattered white dots on upper part of body and some on pelvic fins. Rays of pectoral fins are brown with five vertical semi-circular white dots. A wide light band on distal sub margin of caudal fin (Rothman & Goren 2015).

Description
Body elongate and compressed, head convex and compressed. Eye high up, extends above the profile. Mouth oblique. Maxilla extends to below mid eye.
Fins: D VI-I10

Food
Carnivorous: feeding on small invertebrates.

Reproduction
No informations.

Habitat
20 - 30 m in the Mediterranean, 0.5 - 10 m in the Red Sea. Burrow in soft bottoms, in association with shrimps. Rare in the Mediterranean.


Cryptocentrus caeruleopunctatus
Photograph: Robert A. Patzner ©
Red Sea, 2004

 


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Distribution
Mediterranean; only in Israel. Red Sea and western Indian Ocean.

 

 

 

Literature on Cryptocentrus caeruleopunctatus

Karplus I. & Thompson A.R., 2011: The partnership between gobiid fishes and burrowing alpheid shrimps. In Patzner R.A., Van Tassell J.L., Kovacic M. and Kapoor B.G. (Eds.) Biology of gobies. Science Publishers, Inc, pp. 559608.

Randall J.E., 1986: Red Sea reef fishes. London, Immel Publishing.

Rothman S.B.S. & Goren M., 2015: First record of the Red Sea shrimp-goby Cryptocentrus caeruleopunctatus in the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Biodiversity Records 8: e157 doi:10.1017/S1755267215001323.

 

 

 

 

 

   

Copyright © 2016 - Robert A. Patzner, Department of Ecology and Evolution, Univ. Salzburg, Austria.

State: 2016-04-17
E-mail: robert.patzner@sbg.ac.at