Knipowitschia panizzae
   (Verga, 1841)

Common names: English: Lagoon goby
German: Lagunengrundel

Common synonym
Padogobius panizzai (Verga, 1841).

Length: 3 - 4 cm.

Colouration
Brownish grey with pale saddles. Males with dark lateral spots and dark head. Females with dark spot on chin.

Description
Anterior nostril short (tubular). Predorsal area and head naked.
32-39 scales in lateral series.
Fins: D1 VI (V-VI); D2 I+7-8 (7-9); A I+7-8; P 16 (15-17).

Food
Carnivorous; invertebrates, zoobenthos, zooplankton; cannibalism (Nonnis-Marzano & Gandolfi, 2001).

Reproduction
Spawning season: April to August. Spawn after one year, every 10 - 15 days. Breed under mussel shells (Cerastoderma).

Habitat
0 - 2 m. Lagoons, brackish water, freshwater. Common in some lagoons.


Knipowitschia panizzae, female
Photograph: Paul Veenvliet ©
Adriatic Sea

 

 

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Distribution
Mediterranean: Adriatic Sea. Introduced in some places in western Italy.

 

 

Literature on Knipowitschia panizzae

 

Crivelli A.J., 1996: The freshwater fish endemic to the Mediterranean region. An action plan for their conservation. Tour du Valat Publication, 171 p.

Franco A, F. Riccato,S. Malavasi, P. Franzoi & T. Torricelli, 2006: Food resource utilization by gobies (Pisces, Teleostei) in the shallows of the Venice Lagoon. Biol. Mar. Medit. 13: 866-868.

Kovacic M., 2005: An annotated checklist of the family Gobiidae in the Adriatic Sea. Annales Ser. hist. nat. 15: 1-24.

Kovacic M. & Patzner R.A., 2011: North-Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Gobies. In: The Biology of Gobies. (Eds: Patzner R.A. et al.) Science Publishers: 177-206.

Lugli M. & Torricelli P., 1999: Prespawning sound production in Mediterranean sand-gobies. J. Fish Biol. 54: 691-694.

Marconato A., M.B. Rasotto, & C. Mazzoldi, 1996: On the mechanism of sperm release in three gobiid species (Teleostei: Gobiidae). Envir. Biol. Fish. 46: 321-327.

Miller P.J., 1972: Gobiid fishes of the Caspian genus Knipowitschia from the Adriatic Sea. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 52: 145-160.

Miller P.J., 1986: Gobiidae. In: Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume III. (Eds.: Whitehead P.J.P. et al.) pp. 1019-1085. UNESCO, Paris.

Miller P.J., 2004: Knipowitschia panizzae (Verga, 1841). In: The freshwater fishes of Europe. Vol. 8/II Gobiidae 2 (Ed.: Miller P.J.) pp. 405-414. Aula-Verlag, Wiebelsheim.

Nonnis-Marzano F. & G. Gandolfi, 2001: Active cannibalism among adults of Knipowitschia panizzae (Pisces Gobiidae) induced by starvation and reproduction. Ethol. Ecol. Evol. 13: 385-391.

Papa R., F. Nonnis-Marzano, G. Gandolfi & J. Tagliavini, 2001: Evoluzione stagionale della struttura di popolazione di Knipowitschia panizzae (Tolostei [Teleostei], Gobiidae) rilevata attraverso misure di variabilita biochimica. Quaderni ETP. 30: 131-137.

Verga D., 1841: Descrizione di un nuovo Gobius frequente nelle lagune di Comacchio, con cenni anatomici sullo stesso. Atti. Riun. Sci. Ital. Firenze 3: 379.

 

 

 

Drawings of Knipowitschia panizzae

 

 

 


Drawings from Miller, 1986
Copyright © 2016 - Robert A. Patzner, Department of Ecology and Evolution, Univ. Salzburg, Austria.
State: 2016-04-17
E-mail: robert.patzner@sbg.ac.at