Lesueurigobius friesii (Malm, 1874)

Common names: English: Fries' goby
German: Fries-Grundel

Common synonym
Gobius macrolepis Scharff, 1891.

Length: 8 - 10 cm.

Light brown with many golden yellow dots on head, backside dorsal and caudal fins.

Rays of D1 conspicuously longer than fin membrane. Pectoral fins elongated, no free rays. Nape scaled.
28-29 scales in lateral series.
Fins: D1 VI; D2 I+13-16; A I+12-15; P 18-19.

Carnivorous; polychaets, small crustaceans, molluscs.

Spawning season Atlantic: May to August. Up to 11 years old.

10 - 130 m, sometimes to 290 m. Soft bottoms. Abundant in 50 - 60 m in western Mediterranean. In Atlantic often together with Nephrops norvegicus (lobster) in the same hole.

Lesueurigobius friesii
Atlantic Ocean
Photograph: Paul Kay, Marine Wildlife ©



Species list
General info


Mediterranean: absent at north African coast; Atlantic.


Literature on Lesueurigobius friesii

Ahnelt H. & J. Dorda, 2004: Gobioid fishes from the north eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean: new records and rarely found species. Ann. Nat. Hist. Mus. Wien 105B: 5-19.

Atkinson R.J.A., R.S.V. Pullin & R.D.M. Nash, 1979: Cyclic behaviour of burrowing fish. Europ. Mar. Biol. Symp. 13: 469-470.

Bilecenoglu M., Taskavak E., Mater S. 6 Kaya M., 2002: Checklist of the marine fishes of Turkey. Zootaxa 113: 1-194.

De Buen E., 1923: Gobius de la Peninsula Iberica y Baleares. Grupos Lesueurii, Colonianus, Affinis y Minutus. Mem. Inst. eso. Oceonaogr. 3: 121-266.

Collignon J., 1979: Calalogue raisonne des poissons des mers Marocaines 4. Partie. Bull. Inst. Pech. Mar. Maroc 24: 83-155:

Demestre M., P. Sanchez & P. Abello, 2000: Demersal fish assemblages and habitat characteristics on the continental shelf and upper slope of the north-western Mediterranean. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 80: 981-988.

Dieuzeide R., M. Novella & J. Roland (1955): Catalogue des poissons des côtes Algériennes. Bull. Sta. de Pêche et d'aqui de Castiglione III: 1-384.

Gibson R.N. & I.A. Ezzi, 1978: The biology of a Scottish population of Fries' goby, Lesueurigobius friesii. J. Fish Biol. 12: 371-389.

Gros P., 1980: Description mathematique de la croissance de Lesueurigobius friesii (Teleostei, Gobiidae). Essai de synthese. Oceanol. Act. 3: 161-168.

Ilkyaz A.T., Metin G. & Kinacigil H.T., 2011: The use of otolith length and weight measurements in age estimations of three Gobiidae species (Deltentosteus quadrimaculatus, Gobius niger, and Lesueurigobius friesii). Turkish Journal of Zoology 35: 819-827.

Kaya M. & S. Mater, 1987: A new gobiid genus and three gobiid species (Pisces: Gobiidae) for Turkish seas. Doga Turk Zooloji Dergisi 11: 122-127.

Kovacic M., 2005: An annotated checklist of the family Gobiidae in the Adriatic Sea. Annales Ser. hist. nat. 15: 1-24.

Kovacic M., 2020: Checklist of gobies (Teleostei: Gobiidae) of the Mediterranean Sea and a key for species identification. Zootaxa 4877: 075-101.

Kovacic M. & Patzner R.A., 2011: North-Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Gobies. In: The Biology of Gobies. (Eds: Patzner R.A. et al.) Science Publishers: 177-206.

Kramer A., Kovacic M. & Patzner R.A., 2012: Dentition of eight species of Mediterranean Sea Gobiidae: do dentition characters of gobies reflect phylogenetic relationships? Journal of Fish Biology 80: 29-48.

Lombarte A., Miletic M. & Kovacic M. et al., 2014: Identifying Mediterranean Sea gobies using otoliths. 5th Int. symp. fish otolith res. appl., Peguera, Mallorca: Poster.

Malm A.W, 1874: Om de Svenske gobiider. Forh. skand. Naturf. Mote 11: 380-386.

Mckay S.I. & P.J. Miller, 1997: The affinities of European sand gobies (Teleostei: Gobiidae). Journal of Natural History 31 1457-1482.

Miller P.J., 1986: Gobiidae. In: Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume III. (Eds.: Whitehead P.J.P. et al.) pp. 1019-1085. UNESCO, Paris.

Nash R.D.M., 1982: The biology of Fries' goby, Lesueurigobius friesii (Malm), in the Firth of Clyde, Scotland, and a comparison with other stocks. J.Fish Biol. 21: 69-85.

Nash R.D.M., 1982: The diel behaviour of small demersal fish on soft sediments on the west coast of Scotland using a variety of techniques: with special reference to Lesueurigobius friesii (Pisces; Gobiidae). Mar. Ecol. 3: 161-178.

Patzner R.A. & H. Moosleitner, 1998: Die Grundeln des Mittelmeeres. Teil 3. Große Grundeln des Weichbodens 2. Das Aquarium 343: 46-48.

Rice A.L. & A.D.F. Johnstone, 1972: The burrowing behaviour of the gobiid fish Lesueurigobius friesii (Collett). Z. Tierpsychol. 30: 431-438.

Scharff R.F., 1891: Report on the fishes obtained off the south-west coast of Ireland during the cruises of the "Lord Bandon" and the "Flying Falcon", 1886 and 1888. Proc. R. Irish Acad. (Ser. 3) 456-459.

Terofal F., 1986: Meeresfische. Steinbachs Naturführer. Mosaik Verlag, München.



Photographs of Lesueurigobius friesii

Lesueurigobius friesii
Drawing by F. Wendler from Terofal (1986) ©
Lesueurigobius friesii
Atlantic Ocean
Photograph: Paul Kay, Marine Wildlife ©




Drawings of Lesueurigobius friesii



Drawings from Miller, 1986


Copyright © 2016 - Robert A. Patzner, Department of Ecology and Evolution, Univ. Salzburg, Austria.
State: 2016-04-17
E-mail: robert.patzner@sbg.ac.at