Millerigobius macrocephalus
   (Kolombatovic, 1891)

Common names: English: Large-headed goby
German: Großkopf-Grundel

Common synonyms: none.

Length: 4 - 5 cm.

Reddish to greyish brown with 9 to 11 dark bands across the body (especially juveniles). Spawning males: Brown, fins dark brown with light base --> photograph.

Anterior nostril relatively long and tubular but not with tentacles. No filamentous rays at P. Similar to Zebrus zebrus. Predorsal area and head naked.
28-32 scales in lateral series.
Fins: D1 VI (V-VI); D2 I+10-11; A I+9-10; P 14-16.

Carnivorous; benthic macrofauna.

Spawning season around May.

1 - 25 m. Soft bottoms, lagoons, under stones; but also in cavities and caves. Juveniles sometimes associated with sea urchins --> more. Mostly hidden, not common. Rarely in brackish water (Vanhove et al. 2011):

Millerigobius macrocephalus
Photograph: Francesco Costa ©



Species list
General info


Mediterranean; distribution unclear, maybe in all the northern areas.




Literature on Millerigobius macrocephalus

Bath H., 1973: Wiederbeschreibung der Grundelart Gobius macrocephalus Kolombatovic aus dem Mittelmeer und Aufstellung einer neuen Gattung Millerigobius (Teleostei: Gobioidea: Gobiinae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 54: 303-310.

Boltacev A.R., Karpova E.P. & Machkevskiy V.K., 2010: The naturalization of Miller's goby Millerigobius macrocephalus (Perciformes, Gobiidae) in the Sevastopol Bay of the Black Sea. Morskoj ekologiceskij zurnal 9: 32. [In Russian.]

Bogordodsky S., Kovacic M., Ozen O. et al., 2010: Records of two uncommon goby species (Millerigobius macrocephalus, Zebrus zebrus) from the Aegean Sea. Acta Adriatica 51: 217-222.

Bouchereau, J.-L., 2002: First data on the demography and growth of Millerigobius macrocephalus (Kolombatovic, 1891) (Teleostei; Gobiidae), in Corsica (France). Acta Adriatica 43: 77-85.

Bouchereau J.-L. & J.-A. Tomasini, 1989: Note sur la presence de Chromogobius zebratus (Kolombatovic, 1891) et de Millerigobius macrocephalus (Kolombatovic, 1891) (Teleostei; Percomorphi; Gobioidei; Gobiidae) sur les cotes de Corse, France. Bull. Soc. Zool. France 114: 106-110.

Boucherau J.-L. & O. Guelorget, 1999 : Régime alimentaire de deux Gobiidae (Pisces; Teleostei) sympatriques Gobius buchichi Steindachner, 1870, et Millerigobius macrocephalus (Kolombatovic, 1891) des Bouches de Bonifacio (Corse, France). Cah. Biol. Mar. 40: 263-271.

Esplá A.A.R. & A. Pérez-Ruzafa, 1987: Presencia de Millerigobius macrocephalus (Kolombatovic, 1891) (Teleostei: Gobiidae) en el mediterráneo occidental, con notas sobre su biologica. Anales de Biologia 11: 31-35.

Giacobbe S., Spinelli A., De Matteo S. & Kovacic M., 2016: First record of the large-headed goby, Millerigobius macrocephalus (Actinopterygii: Perciformes: Gobiidae), from Italy. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria 46: 49-52.

Herler J. & R.A. Patzner, 2001: Microhabitats of cryptobenthic gobies in submarine cave systems. 10. Europ. Congr. Ichthyol, Prague. p. 105.

Kolombatovic J., 1891: Glamoci (Gobii) Spljetskog Pomorskog Okruzja u Dalmaciji. Split: 29 p.

Kovacic M., 2005: An annotated checklist of the family Gobiidae in the Adriatic Sea. Annales Ser. hist. nat. 15: 1-24.

Kovacic M., 2020: Checklist of gobies (Teleostei: Gobiidae) of the Mediterranean Sea and a key for species identification. Zootaxa 4877: 075-101.

Kovacic M. & Patzner R.A., 2011: North-Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Gobies. In: The Biology of Gobies. (Eds: Patzner R.A. et al.) Science Publishers: 177-206.

Kovacic M., Miletic M. & Papageorgiou N., 2011: A first checklist of gobies from Crete with ten new records. Cybium 35: 245-253.

Kovacic M., Sanda R. & Kirincic M., Zanella D., 2012: Geographic distribution of gobies (Gobiidae) in the Adriatic Sea with thirteen new records for its southern part. Cybium 36: 435-445.

Kovacic M., Bonello J.J. & Evans J., 2013: Three new records of Gobiidae from Malta with morphology, colouration and identification of the smallest known juveniles of two small gobiid species. Cybium 37: 233-239.

Kovacic M., Sanda R., Cekovska K., Soukupova T. & Vukic J., 2021: Zebrus pallaoroi sp. nov.: a new species of goby (Actinopterygii: Gobiidae) from the Mediterranean Sea with a DNA-based phylogenetic analysis of the Gobius-lineage. Contributions to Zoology 2021: 1-33.

Miller P.J., 1977: Gobies from Rhodes and systematic features of Zebrus zebrus (Teleostei: Gobiidae). Zool. J. Linnean Soc.: 60: 339-362.

Miller P.J., 1986: Gobiidae. In: Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume III. (Eds.: Whitehead P.J.P. et al.) pp. 1019-1085. UNESCO, Paris.

Patzner R.A., 1999: Sea urchins as hiding-place for juvenile benthic teleosts (Gobiidae, Gobiesocidae) in the Mediterranean Sea. Cybium 23: 93-97.

Patzner R.A. & J. Herler, 2001: Mikrohabitate von kryptobenthischen Meergrundeln in marinen Höhlensystemen. 3. Tg. Ges. Ichthyol., Wien. p. 37.

Patzner R.A. & H. Moosleitner, 1998: Die Grundeln des Mittelmeeres. Teil 4. Kleine Grundeln des Hartbodens 2. Das Aquarium 349: 38-41.

Ramos-Espla A.A. & Perez-Ruzafa A., 1987: Presencia de Millerigobius macrocephalus (Kolombatovic, 1891) (Teleostei: Gobiidae) en el Mediterraneo occidental con notas sobre su biologia. Anales de Biologìa 11: 31-35.

Trkov D., Mavric B., Orlando-Bonaca M. & L. Lipej (2019): Marine cryptobenthic fish fauna of Slovenia (Northern Adriatic Sea). Ann. Ser. hist. nat. 29 DOI 10.19233/ASHN.2019.07.

Vanhove M.P.M., Kovacic M., Koutsikos N.E., Zogaris S., Vardakas L.E. Huyse TT. & Economou A.N. (2011): First record of a landlocked population of marine Millerigobius macrocephalus (Perciformes: Gobiidae): Observations from a unique spring-fed karstic lake (Lake Vouliagmeni, Greece) and phylogeneticpositioning. Zoologischer Anzeiger 250: 195-204.



Photographs of Millerigobius macrocephalus



Millerigobius macrocephalus
Northern Adriatic, 2 m depth, August 2000
Photograph: Jürgen Herler ©
Millerigobius macrocephalus, spawning male
Northern Adriatic, aquarium, May 2000
Photograph: Jürgen Herler ©




Drawings of Millerigobius macrocephalus




Drawings from Miller, 1986

Copyright © 2019 - Robert A. Patzner, Department of Biosciences, Univ. Salzburg, Austria.
State: 2019-07-14