Neogobius melanostomus
   (Pallas 1814)

Common names: English: Round goby
German: Schwarzmund-Grundel

Common synonyms: none.

Length: 15 - 22 cm.

Colouration
Yellowish­grey, with lateral blotches; D1 with large black spot in posterior part; breeding males black, with median fins white­edged.

Description
Nape scaled. Head depth 0.9 ­ 1.2 width. Angle of jaws below anterior quarter of eye. Upper lip narrowing slightly to rear, with about half lateral preorbital area. Caudal peduncle depth about two­thirds own length.
45-57 scales in lateral series.
Fins: D1 VI (V-VII); D2 I+13-16; A I+11-14; P 17-20.

Food
Carnivorous; mainly molluscs; crustaceans, polychaets, fish eggs, small fish.

Reproduction
Spawning season end of April until the end of August/beginning of September. Sexually mature at 3 or 4 years (males), 2 or 3 years (females). One female has 328 - 5,221 eggs (ovoid, with sharp apex, about 3.9 x 2.2 mm); they are deposited under or between stones. Up to 4 years old.

Habitat
1.5 - 20 m in the Black Sea, 20 - 25 m in the Mediterranean. Gravel and sandy bottoms. Also in brackish water and freshwater. Very rare in the Mediterranean Sea.


Neogobius melanostomus
Photograph: Sergej Bogorodsky ©
Eastern Black Sea, 2 m depth.

 

 

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Distribution
Mediterranean: only in the north of the Aegean Sea. Immigrant from the Black Sea. Introduced into Baltic Sea and USA.

 

 

Literature on Neogobius melanostomus

Bilecenoglu M., Taskavak E., Mater S. 6 Kaya M., 2002: Checklist of the marine fishes of Turkey. Zootaxa 113: 1194.

Eryilmaz L., 2002: A new fish record for the Aegean Sea: Round goby Neogobius malanostomus (Pallas, 1814)(Gobiidae). Israel J. Zool. 48: 251-252.

Grygiel W. 1995 Wystæpowanie nowego gatunku babki Neogobius melanostomus (Pallas 1811) w polskicj obszarach morskich. Notatka w Zakladzie Biologii i Ochrony Zasobów MIR, Gdynia.

Gümüs A. & Kurt A., 2009: Age structure and growth by otolith interpretation of Neogobius melanostomus (Gobiidae) from Southern Black Sea. Cybium 33: 29-37.

Koblickaja A.F. 1981 "Opredielitiel molodii priesnowodnyh ryb" Moskva. Legkaja i pischevaja promyslennost. 208.

Kovacic M. & Patzner R.A., 2011: North-Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Gobies. In: The Biology of Gobies. (Eds: Patzner R.A. et al.) Science Publishers: 177-206.

Kuczyñski J. 1995 Babka kràgùa Neogobius melanostomus (Pallas 1811) ­ emigrant z Basenu Pontokaspijskiego w Zatoce Gdañskiej. Bull. SFI, Gdynia, 2(135): 68­71.

Louisy P., 2002: Meeresfische, Westeuropa, Mittelmeer. Ulmer, Stuttgart.

Miller P.J., 1986: Gobiidae. In: Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume III. (Eds.: Whitehead P.J.P. et al.) pp. 1019-1085. UNESCO, Paris.

Miller P.J., 2003: The freshwater fishes of Europe. Vol. 8/I: Mulgilidae, Atherinidae, Atherinopsidae, Blenniidae, Odontobutidae, Gobiidae 1. Aula-Verlag, Wiebelsheim.

Müller H. 1983 "Fische Europeas" Neuman Verlag, Leipzig; 320.

Skora, K., E. 1997. Neogobius melanostomus. In: Baltic Research Network on Ecology of Marine Invasions and Introductions. S. Olenin and D. Daunys (eds.). http://www.ku.lt/nemo/mainnemo.htm

Skóra K.E., Stolarski J. 1993 New fish species in the Gulf of Gdansk Neogobius sp. [cf. Neogobius melanostomus] (Pallas 1811), in: Notes Bulletin of the Sea Fisheries Institute 1(128): 83.

Skóra K.E., Stolarski J., 1995 "Round goby ­ a fishy invader" WWF Baltic Bulletin 1/95, 46­47.

 

 

Drawings of Neogobius melanostomus

 

 

 


Drawings from Miller, 1986

 

Copyright © 2016 - Robert A. Patzner, Department of Ecology and Evolution, Univ. Salzburg, Austria.
State: 2016-04-17
E-mail: robert.patzner@sbg.ac.at