Neogobius melanostomus
   (Pallas 1814)

Common names: English: Round goby
German: Schwarzmund-Grundel

Common synonyms: none.

Length: 15 - 22 cm.

Yellowish­grey, with lateral blotches; D1 with large black spot in posterior part; breeding males black, with median fins white­edged.

Nape scaled. Head depth 0.9 ­ 1.2 width. Angle of jaws below anterior quarter of eye. Upper lip narrowing slightly to rear, with about half lateral preorbital area. Caudal peduncle depth about two­thirds own length.
45-57 scales in lateral series.
Fins: D1 VI (V-VII); D2 I+13-16; A I+11-14; P 17-20.

Carnivorous; mainly molluscs; crustaceans, polychaets, fish eggs, small fish.

Spawning season end of April until the end of August/beginning of September. Sexually mature at 3 or 4 years (males), 2 or 3 years (females). One female has 328 - 5,221 eggs (ovoid, with sharp apex, about 3.9 x 2.2 mm); they are deposited under or between stones. Up to 4 years old.

1.5 - 20 m in the Black Sea, 20 - 25 m in the Mediterranean. Gravel and sandy bottoms. Also in brackish water and freshwater. Very rare in the Mediterranean Sea.

Neogobius melanostomus
Photograph: Sergej Bogorodsky ©
Eastern Black Sea, 2 m depth.



Species list
General info


Mediterranean: only in the north of the Aegean Sea. Immigrant from the Black Sea. Introduced into Baltic Sea and USA.



Literature on Neogobius melanostomus

Bilecenoglu M., Taskavak E., Mater S. 6 Kaya M., 2002: Checklist of the marine fishes of Turkey. Zootaxa 113: 1194.

Eryilmaz L., 2002: A new fish record for the Aegean Sea: Round goby Neogobius malanostomus (Pallas, 1814)(Gobiidae). Israel J. Zool. 48: 251-252.

Grygiel W. 1995 Wystæpowanie nowego gatunku babki Neogobius melanostomus (Pallas 1811) w polskicj obszarach morskich. Notatka w Zakladzie Biologii i Ochrony Zasobów MIR, Gdynia.

Gümüs A. & Kurt A., 2009: Age structure and growth by otolith interpretation of Neogobius melanostomus (Gobiidae) from Southern Black Sea. Cybium 33: 29-37.

Koblickaja A.F. 1981 "Opredielitiel molodii priesnowodnyh ryb" Moskva. Legkaja i pischevaja promyslennost. 208.

Kovacic M., 2020: Checklist of gobies (Teleostei: Gobiidae) of the Mediterranean Sea and a key for species identification. Zootaxa 4877: 075-101.

Kovacic M. & Patzner R.A., 2011: North-Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Gobies. In: The Biology of Gobies. (Eds: Patzner R.A. et al.) Science Publishers: 177-206.

Kovacic M., Sanda R. & Kirincic M., Zanella D., 2012: Geographic distribution of gobies (Gobiidae) in the Adriatic Sea with thirteen new records for its southern part. Cybium 36: 435-445.

Kuczyñski J. 1995 Babka kràgùa Neogobius melanostomus (Pallas 1811) ­ emigrant z Basenu Pontokaspijskiego w Zatoce Gdañskiej. Bull. SFI, Gdynia, 2(135): 68­71.

Louisy P., 2002: Meeresfische, Westeuropa, Mittelmeer. Ulmer, Stuttgart.

Miller P.J., 1986: Gobiidae. In: Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume III. (Eds.: Whitehead P.J.P. et al.) pp. 1019-1085. UNESCO, Paris.

Miller P.J., 2003: The freshwater fishes of Europe. Vol. 8/I: Mulgilidae, Atherinidae, Atherinopsidae, Blenniidae, Odontobutidae, Gobiidae 1. Aula-Verlag, Wiebelsheim.

Müller H. 1983 "Fische Europeas" Neuman Verlag, Leipzig; 320.

Skora, K., E. 1997. Neogobius melanostomus. In: Baltic Research Network on Ecology of Marine Invasions and Introductions. S. Olenin and D. Daunys (eds.).

Skóra K.E., Stolarski J. 1993 New fish species in the Gulf of Gdansk Neogobius sp. [cf. Neogobius melanostomus] (Pallas 1811), in: Notes Bulletin of the Sea Fisheries Institute 1(128): 83.

Skóra K.E., Stolarski J., 1995 "Round goby ­ a fishy invader" WWF Baltic Bulletin 1/95, 46­47.



Drawings of Neogobius melanostomus




Drawings from Miller, 1986


Copyright © 2016 - Robert A. Patzner, Department of Ecology and Evolution, Univ. Salzburg, Austria.
State: 2016-04-17