Pomatoschistus knerii
   (Steindachner, 1861)

Common names: English: Kner's goby

Common synonyms: none.

Length: 3 - 4 cm.

Reddish orange; dark spot on base of caudal fin. Numerous dark bands across the body (males more than females). Males: D1 and D2 with blue ribbon, dark spot in D1. Juveniles: transparent.

Eyes large, with space in between. Head roundish. Caudal fin slightly emarginate (otherwise only in P. quagga). Praedorsal area and breast naked.
41-44 (38-46) scales in lateral series.
Fins: D1 VI (VI-VII); D2 I+10 (9-11); A I+9-10 (8-10); P 18 (17-20).


No informations.

1 - 10 m. Sand bottoms near rocks and Cymodocea-meadows (sea-grass). Usually hovers 10 - 50 cm above bottom; in danger it moves to the ground. In groups. Common in a few areas.

Pomatoschistus knerii
Photograph: Marcelo Kovacic ©
Northern Adriatic Sea, Island of Susak, Croatia, 2006


Species list
General info


Mediterranean: Probably only northern Adriatic.







Literature on Pomatoschistus knerii


Kovacic M., 2005: An annotated checklist of the family Gobiidae in the Adriatic Sea. Annales Ser. hist. nat. 15: 1-24.

Kovacic M., 2020: Checklist of gobies (Teleostei: Gobiidae) of the Mediterranean Sea and a key for species identification. Zootaxa 4877: 075-101.

Kovacic M. & Patzner R.A., 2011: North-Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Gobies. In: The Biology of Gobies. (Eds: Patzner R.A. et al.) Science Publishers: 177-206.

Louisy P., 2002: Meeresfische, Westeuropa, Mittelmeer. Ulmer, Stuttgart.

Miller P.J., 1986: Gobiidae. In: Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume III. (Eds.: Whitehead P.J.P. et al.) pp. 1019-1085. UNESCO, Paris.

Patzner R.A. & H. Moosleitner, 1999: Die Grundeln des Mittelmeeres. Teil 5. Kleine Grundeln des Weichbodens 2. Das Aquarium. 370: 54-60.

Steindachner F., 1861: Beträge zur Kenntnis der Gobioiden. Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien 42: 283-292.










Photographs of Pomatoschistus knerii



Pomatoschistus knerii
Northern Adriatic Sea, Island of Krk, Croatia, May 2010
Photograph: Jasna Vukic ©
Pomatoschistus knerii
Northern Adriatic Sea, Island of Krk, Croatia, May 2012
Photograph: Jasna Vukic ©






Drawings of Pomatoschistus knerii


Drawings from Miller (1986)

Copyright © 2016 - Robert A. Patzner, Department of Ecology and Evolution, Univ. Salzburg, Austria.
State: 2016-11-09
E-mail: robert.patzner@sbg.ac.at