Speleogobius trigloides
   Zander & Jelinek, 1976

Common names: English: Grotto goby
German: Adriatische Höhlengrundel

Synonyms: none.

Length: 2.5 cm.

Males reddish brown to red with 5 pale saddles and 8 pale lateral spots (first white other turquoise blue); caudal fin yellow, dorsal fins red-brown with violet bands and spots.

Head acute, eyes large. Predorsal area and head scaled.
26-30 scales in lateral series.
Fins: D1 VI; D2 I+7 (6-7); A I+5 (5-7); P 14-15.

No informations, probably carnivorous.

Males with 1.75 cm sexually mature.

8 to at least 30 m (see photograph). Rocky shores. Usually free, only seldom in caves (name!). Can hover above the ground. Rare.

Speleogobius trigloides
Photograph: Mat Vestjens ©
Nortnern Adriatic, May 2010, 30 m depth


Species list
General info


Mediterranean: middle and northern Adriatic Sea.




Literature on Speleogobius trigloides


Fesser R., 1980: Zusätzliche Beschreibung von Speleogobius trigloides Zander und Jelinek (1976) (Gobiidae, Perciformes), sowie neue Fundorte und Freilandbeobachtungen. Verhandl. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien 118/119: 123-126.

Herler J. & R.A. Patzner, 2001: Microhabitats of cryptobenthic gobies in submarine cave systems. 10. Europ. Congr. Ichthyol, Prague. p. 105.

Mckay S. I. & Miller P.J. (1997): The affinities of European sand gobies (Teleostei: Gobiidae). J. Nat. Hist. 31: 1457-1482.

Kovacic M., 2005: An annotated checklist of the family Gobiidae in the Adriatic Sea. Annales Ser. hist. nat. 15: 1-24.

Kovacic M. & Patzner R.A., 2011: North-Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Gobies. In: The Biology of Gobies. (Eds: Patzner R.A. et al.) Science Publishers: 177-206.

Miller P.J., 1986: Gobiidae. In: Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume III. (Eds.: Whitehead P.J.P. et al.) pp. 1019-1085. UNESCO, Paris.

Patzner R.A. & J. Herler, 2001: Mikrohabitate von kryptobenthischen Meergrundeln in marinen Höhlensystemen. 3. Tg. Ges. Ichthyol., Wien. p. 37.

Patzner R.A., Moosleitner H., 1998: Die Grundeln des Mittelmeeres. Teil 4. Kleine Grundeln des Hartbodens 2. Das Aquarium 349: 38-410.

Zander C.D. & H. Jelinek, 1976: Zur demersen Fischfauna im Bereich der Grotte von Banjole (Rovinj/YU) mit Beschreibung von Speleogobius trigloides n. gen. n. sp. (Gobiidae, Perciformes). Mitt. Hamb. Zool. Mus. Inst. 73: 265-280.






Photographs of Speleogobius trigloides



Speleogobius trigloides
Nortnern Adriatic Sea, aquarium
Photograph: Jürgen Herler ©
Speleogobius trigloides
Northern Adriatic Sea, out of water
Photograph: Marcelo Kovacic ©





Drawings of Speleogobius trigloides


Drawings from Miller (1986)

Copyright © 2016 - Robert A. Patzner, Department of Ecology and Evolution, Univ. Salzburg, Austria.
State: 2016-04-17
E-mail: robert.patzner@sbg.ac.at